What is this Ceylon?
Ceylon is a small island in the Indian Ocean. It is a beautiful country with many different religions, arts, and cultures. The specialty here is the are so many places to visit and it is so beautiful.
The country’s trade in luxury goods and spices attracted traders of many nations, creating Sri Lanka’s diverse population. It also spans 3,000 years of ancient Sri Lanka history. So, there is also a documented history. The arrival of the Portuguese in Sri Lanka at a time of great political crisis was largely a coincidence and the island’s Sam Buddha Zones were trying to control foreign trade whether to support the vein. Portuguese property was later occupied by the Dutch. Dutch possession later taken over by the British, who later colonize the entire island from 1815 to 1948. Resistance to the British was immediate.
A national movement for political freedom emerged in the early 20th century when Ceylon became a republic in 1948 and adopted its current name in 1972.
For more information: Google https://www.google.com/search?client=opera&q=sri+Lanka&sourceid=opera&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8
I will first show you some of the most beautiful places in Sri Lanka
First, Central Province: If I were to tell you about the Central Province first, it would be because I was born in the Central Province.
I know a lot about Central Province because I was born in Central Province. But as a person who travels around the world, I know a lot about Sri Lanka.
I am a resident of Kandy writing this article. I was born in Kandy.
Kandy is a beautiful city and is a major tourist attraction due to the Temple of the Tooth. Many people know a lot about the Temple of the Tooth and many do not know about the annual Esala Perahera held there.
Therefore, I will tell you about the Dalada Perahera.
SRI LANKAN Kandy Perahera
Central Province, Kandy
As the August moon waxes in the Buddhist month of Esala, the streets of Kandy erupt in a ten-day-long pageant that few can match in antiquity, grandeur or barbaric splendor, Young men morify their flesh while fulfilling vows to the Hindu god of Skanda by walking “in harness” with spikes in their backs accompanied by a fabulous procession.
The Procession includes fire-juggling acrobats, sumptuously-decorated elephants, traditional dancers, oboe-tooting musicians, banners, palanquins, whip crackers, torch-bearers, and thousands of barefoot pilgrims and swordsmen.
To top it off, all this has happened every since about 300 AD.
The action is make even more mesmerizing because it happens at night.
The old cannon booms after dusk and the Perahera (Paraders) take to the streets for ten nights, with the parades growing ever longer each night until the final night of pageantry when the parade is at its finest.
The festival is a synthesis of Hindu and Buddhist beliefs and is dedicate not just to Skandsa but also to Buddha. It is help to invoke the blessings of the gods for rain, fertility successful cropsand good health.
Elephants feature heavily as they are symbols of abundance and fertility – the “clouds who walk the Earth”, instrumental in attracting the vital rains for harvest time.
The most treasure item in the procession is a copy of a golden reliquary to hold a tooth of the Buddha. So, Has it that the Buddha’s toots was brought to Sri Lanka in the third century AD, hidden in the tresses of a princess.
Pilgrims flock to visit the golden temple, Sri Dalada Maligawa, situated beside a tree-lined lake, every day of the year to catch a glimpse of the golden casket which holds the venerated molar. Apart from Kandy, there are other beautiful tourist destinations in the Central Province,
Central Province, Wasgamuwa
Wasgamuwa National Park is a natural park in Sri Lanka situated in the Matale and Polonnaruwa Districts.
It was declared to protect and to make a refuge for the displace wild animals during the Mahaweli Development Project in 1984 and is one of the four National Parks designate under the Project. Originally it was designate as a nature reserve in 1938, and then in the early 1970s, the area was regarded as a strict nature reserve.
Wasgamuwa is one of the protecte areas where Sri Lankan Elephants can be seen in large herds. It is also one of the Important Bird Areas in Sri Lanka. The name of the Wasgamuwa has derived through the words “Walas Gamuwa”, “Walesa” is Sinhala for Sloth bear and “Gamuwa” means a wood. The park is situate 225 km away from Colombo.
The center of the attraction is herds of Elephants up to 150. The best time to enjoy the sight of large herds is from November to May. In the rest of the year, the elephants tend to migrate to nearby Minneriya and Kaudulla National Parks. Other wildlife includes Purple-faced langur monkeys, wild boar, sambar and spotted deer, buffalo and rarely sighted leopards, and sloth bears. Among the reptiles are water monitor, mugger crocodile, estuarine crocodile, and python (Python Molurus).
Of the 143 species of birds reported at Wasgamuwa National Park (Wasgomuwa) are endemic Red-faced malkoha and Ceylon jungle fowl are a common sight in the park. Among the bird populations are Sri Lanka Trogon, racquet tailed drongo, endemic yellow fronted barbet, endemic Sri Lanka spurfowl, white-necked stork, and lesser adjutant stork.
Remains of a number of small rainwater reservoirs and ruins of temples reveal that the region of Wasgamuwa National Park (Wasgomuwa), was once home to prosperous villages. The ruins estimated to be about 1800 years old features a reclining Buddha statue at Buduruwayaya. The ruins of a palace with stone pillars are found on an island in a canal known as Kalinga Yoda Ela built by King Parakrambahu the great in the twelfth century.
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka has loads of history, Dambulla is a part of the Cultural Triangle declared by UNESCO is on the main road from Sigiriya to Kandy about 19 km from Sigiriya. There are over 80 caves in the surrounding and some of them have been used by the monks as meditation locations. Major attractions are spread over 5 caves. Which contain the statues and the paintings. Since it’s founding in the 1 century BC by King Valagamga, many improvements and additions have been carried out to the sculptures and paintings over the years. Hindu statues are believed to be of the 12 century AD and the latest paintings are of the late 18-century. The temple is the perfect location to view the evolution of the ancient Sri Lankan arts. Dambulla is a unique and important historical site because of the amalgamation of the materials from many eras. Close to Dambulla deep inside the jungle is perhaps the oldest garden in Sri Lanka is the Iron Wood Forest and the largest Rose Quartz Mountain Range in South Asia. The site had been declared as a human sanctuary by king Dappula in 10 century AD as shown in an inscription at the entrance to Namal Uyana. Trees believed to have been planted b those who sought sanctuary here and subsequently turned into a vast plantation of Ironwood forest.
Apart from the biodiversity of the site as it contains many other plants, it is also geologically important because of the rose quartz mountain range in the garden. Which is believed to be over 500 million years old. White rose and violet color quartz deposits can be seen here.
The Rock Fortress
Located in the north-central province of Sri Lanka, Sigiriya-a city, palace, and garden complex centering a 200-meter high rock-is un-officially known as the 8th wonder of the world. Literally, the word Sigiriya means the Lion Rock. Sigiriya is Sri Lanka’s most recognizable landmark and has been declared as a World Heritage Site.
Built-in the 5 century AD, this magnificent complex of geometrically laid gardens, pools, fountains, as well as oldest surviving murals of maidens, was the palace of King Kasyapa. The Complex consists of the central rock, rising 200 meters above the surrounding plain, and the two rectangular precincts on the east (90 hectares) and the west (40 hectares), surrounded by two moats and three ramparts.
The 650 ft monolith was once a rock fortress and a royal citadel from 477 to 495 AD. The most significant feature of the Rock would have been the Lion staircase leading to the palace garden on the summit. All that remains now are the two colossal paws and a mass of brick masonry that surround the ancient limestone steps and the cuts and groves on the rock face give an idea of the size and shape of the lion figure. There are also remains of paintings in some of the caves at the foot of the rock. Of special significance is the painting on the roof of the Cobra H0od Cave. The cave with its unique shape dates back to the pre-Christian era.
The pleasure gardens on the western side of the rock are studded with ponds, fountains, and promenades showing a glorious past. The miniature water garden just inside the inner wall of the western precinct consists of water pavilions, pools, cisterns, courtyards, conduits, and watercourses. The largest water garden has a central island surrounded by water and linked to the main precinct by cardinally oriented causeways. The fountain garden is a narrow precinct on two levels. The western half has two long and deep pools, with shallow serpentine streams draining into the pools. These fountains are still active during the rainy season from November to January
Climbing up the rock you will see the Mirror Wall, a highly polished rock surface that has weathered the times to shine and reflect even today. In a sheltered pocket are the famous frescoes of beautiful maidens, which appear to rise out of the clouds. A climb to the top is rewarded by a panoramic view of the surrounding countryside.
Some of the aesthetics of Sir Lanka
Author:- Malindu Malaka
My other articles depict the art and culture of Sri Lanka